The DARWIN project is developing state of the art resilience guidelines. It is therefore important for the DARWIN project to build upon the existing knowledge base about what resilience is and how to make or keep crisis management resilient. This report therefore presents a catalogue of how both academics and practitioners in multiple areas describe resilience.
The report is based on a substantial review of resilience literature covering several hundred articles, as well as interviews with nearly two dozen practitioners that were asked about their working practices and needs related to resilience. The report focuses on definitions, theories, concepts and models that are useful to reason about what resilience is, and practices and needs in crisis management today that go into how and why to be resilient.
Up to know, we did not find a similar systematic literature review in the areas of resilience, community resilience, resilience engineering and crisis management. This catalogue therefore serves as a foundation for the DARWIN team developing the resilience management guidelines, as well as an overview of the current state of knowledge that practitioners and researchers can read to get to know more about resilience.
The DARWIN project aims to develop state of the art resilience guidelines and innovative training modules for crisis management. The guidelines, which will evolve to reflect the changing nature of crises, are developed for those with responsibility for protecting the population or critical infrastructure/services. They will be useful for everyone directly involved, and with an interest in, crisis management from Policy to Practice.